Американский Научный Журнал FRONTIER TRADE OF UZBEKISTAN WITH THE CENTRAL ASIA COUNTRIES

Abstract. The structural shifts occurring in economy of the countries of the Central, industrial production cooperation strengthen interaction of national economies that promotes international trade activization. For achievement of high standards of economic and social development of developed countries Uzbekistan beginnings widely to use advantages of the international division of labor and various forms of interstate cooperation. In article questions of integration the Central-Asian countries for business development are considered Скачать в формате PDF
American Scientific Journal № (2 9) / 2019 49

FRONTIER TRADE OF UZ BEKISTAN WITH THE CENTRAL ASIA COU NTRIES

Gulamov S.S.
academician, doctor of economical science, professor.
Scientific research institute of statistics of the Uzbekistan.
Shermukhamedov A.T .
doctor of physical and mathematical sciences, professor.
Tashkent bra nch of the Russian economic university after G.V. Plekhanov

Abstra ct. The structural shifts occurring in economy of the countries of the Central, industrial production
cooperation strengthen interaction of national economies that promotes international trade activization.
For achievement of high standards of economic and social development of developed countries Uzbekistan
beginnings widely to use advantages of the international division of labor and various forms of interstate
cooperation. In article questions of integration the Central -Asian countries for business devel op ment are
considered.
Keywords: international trade, integration processes, free trade zones, commodity structure, dynamics of
foreign trade.

Introduction. The structural shifts occurring in
economy of the countries of the Central Asia (CA),
industria l production cooperation strengthen
interaction of national economy that promotes
international trade activization. For integration
processes within the limits of the updated union of four
Central -Asian Countries: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan,
Tajikistan and Uzb ekistan. At formation of the zone of
free trade of the state -participant (Uzbekistan,
Kazakhstan, Kirghizia and Tajikistan) aspired to create
conditions for unobstructed moving of the goods of
own manufacture, the capital, labor.
Methods of research . At a writing of article we
had been used induction method and the method of the
analysis of the dates.
Discussion. For today integration degree in CA is
defined by the certain nomenclature of made and
consumed production. Cooperation in the markets of
grain, t he foodstuffs, fuel and energy resources [1,2,3]
more intensively develops.
If Kirghizia is interested in the optimum decision
of water -power problems, electric power deliveries
Kazakhstan in grain export, Turkmenistan exports the
gas, Tajikistan exports aluminums and Uzbekistan
exports the gas and the foodstuffs etc. Effective trading
cooperation directly depends from concentration
efforts for creation of favorable conditions for barter
development between managing subjects of these
countries. The last ye ar’s governments CA republics
provided free advancement of the goods, decrease the
administrative barriers and restrictions on export and
import are cancelled, the customs duties are lowered,
has had development a financial and market
infrastructure, for s ervice of the foreign trade
operations.
If to consider goods turnover of Uzbekistan with
Kirghizia we see that the trade turnover in 2007 year
has made $176790.8, in 2008 year - $264792.4, and
$159199 and in 2009 year. Following the results of
January -Dec em ber, 2018 year the foreign trade
turnover of Uzbekistan with Kirghizia has made $33.8
billion and it’s increased, in comparison with the
similar period of last year, on 27.3 %. The export
volume has made $14.3 billion (rates of increase – 13.6
%), import volume - $19.6 billion (rates of increase –
39.6 %).
If to consideration the trade turnover of
Uzbekistan with Kazakhstan it is visible that in 2007
year it made $1193901.6, in 2008 year was $912527,
and in 2009 was $1307198. Last year’s goods turnover
of Kazakhstan with Uzbekistan beginnings intensively
develops. In 2018 year goods turnover between two
countries has made $2.5 billion or on 25.3 % more than
then 2017 year, including export has made $1.6 billion,
with growth on 31.6 % and import - $0.8 bil lion, with
growth on 14.8 %.
Trade relations of Uzbekistan with Turkmenistan
the following: a trade turnover in 2007 year was
$88358.3, in 2008 year has made $132389.6, and in
2009 year was $185719.8.
Following the results of 2017 year, goods turnover
between Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan has made
$177.3 million (export - $69.6 million, import - $107.7
million). In the first quarter 2018 year goods turnover
between Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan has increased
by 55 %.
In Uzbekistan 11 enterprises participate in the
Turkmenistan capital work, in the territory of
Turkmenistan: 2 enterprises with the Uzbekistan capital
for the purpose of the organization of export of an
industrial output on the Turkmenistan market are
created.
For today Uzbekistan delivers vehic les, mineral
fertilizers, agricultural production, building materials
to Turkmenistan. Turkmenistan delivers electro - and
the mechanical equipment, metal products and services
in various spheres, oil products, polymers and other
chemical goods.
Trading goo ds turnover of Uzbekistan with
Tajikistan in 2007 year was $207824, in 2008 year it
was $178074.9, and, in 2009 year it was $170303.7.
The mutual trade turnover between Tajikistan and
Uzbekistan for 5 months 2018 year was grown twice.
The vol ume of the Tajikistan with Uzbekistan goods
turnover in January -May, 2018 year was almost $94
million that twice there is more than indicator of the
similar period of 2017 year. The goods turnover
volume between Tajikistan and Uzbekistan in the first
quart er 2018 yea r was made $41.5 million.
Tajikistan basically exports raw materials to
Uzbekistan, and imports finished goods. The list of the
exported goods also includes cement and quartz sand.
The first nine months of 2018 year Tajikistan
imported producti on on $2.3 billion, having exceeded
export on $1.5 billion. Import in comparison with the
similar period last year has grown on 17 % or on $352
million. Most of all into the country have imported cars
and the equipment (25 %) and mineral products (18.6

50 American Scientific Journal № ( 29 ) / 20 19
%). Also not p recious metals and products from them
(13 %), products of the chemical industry (9.5 %),
ready foodstuff (7.6 %) and psychogenesis products
(7.2%) became considerable articles of import from
Uzbekistan ($218 million) and volume of mutual trade
between Taji kistan and Uzbekistan for first half of 2018
year was the main trading partners of Tajikistan for first
nine months 2018 year has grown on 35 % [4 -10].
In Uzbekistan there was no decrease in rates of
increase of economy and in the conditions of sharp
deterioration of a conjuncture of the world markets on
the major kinds of the exported goods in connection
with world crisis the great value had acceptance o f
effective measures on support and stimulation of the
domestic enterprises -exporters, export potenti al
strengthening, preservation and the further expansion
of volumes of a domestic production in the world
markets. Instability of a conjuncture of the worl d
markets of a clap, copper has caused of carrying out of
more flexible regulation of their deliverie s to foreign
markets.
Relative density of the ready industrial goods
grows in total amount of export: production which
characterizes a condition is export
ориентированности republic economy. The import
structure in the countries CA republics also has
unde rgone serious changes according to the chosen
strategy of rationalization of import and the spent
policy on import replacement of strategic, vital kinds of
production and those its kinds. Priorities of economic
integration of the countries of CA republics should be
defined by their interests, the purposes of an effective
utilization of their cumulative economic potential and
acceleration of social and econom ic development of
these countries.
Development of trading cooperation and common
market formation (th e first and major step) to
integration of the countries is central the Asian region.
Conclusion. The further deepening of integration
will allow of CA repu blics to stop industrial production
recession thanks to strengthening of inter economic
communication s and development of industrial
cooperation; to improve multilateral trade and
economic relations; to find investment resources for
industrial processes. I ntegration will allow generating
optimum transport routes, to solve a problem with
взаиморасчетами and production sale.
As consequence of it central the Asian integration
can to turn to the flexible and mobile economic system
promoting formation of home m arkets and occurrence
of the countries of region in the world economy, as its
organic part.
For real ization of advantages of the favorable
geographical position it is necessary for the CA
republics:
- To carry out essential enough investments into
develo pment of the transport and communication
network which efficiency would be shown under an
indispensab le condition of joint participation of all
interested parties for business development;
- Formations of development of transport
corridors, the joint comp anies and corporations on
transportation of cargoes and passengers, manufacture
and repair of vehicle s, knots and units and spare parts
to them.
On road branch there would be expedient the
cooperation in following directions:
- Realization of the joint co -ordinated transport
policy; to joint participation in work of the international
road organizations, joint participation in various
tenders on designing and building of highways;
- Information interchange and experience about
scientific and technical achi evements, introduction of
the economic, legal, financial and other reforms,
accepted statutory acts a nd laws on perfection of
organizational structures, rationing and payment
systems, the management mechanism a road economy,
etc.;
- Realization of joint p rojects and the co -
productions providing creation of the enterprises for
manufacturing of the new roa d technics, the lab ware,
devices of quality assurance, means of the organization
and regulation of traffic, elements of conditions of a
way and engineerin g arrangement of roads on safety of
traffic etc.

Bibliography
1. Shermukhamedov A.T. Development of
integration processes in the Central Asian region.
/Collection of works of scientifically -practical
conference «Modernization of national economy of
Uzbeki stan: problems, priorities, decision ways,
volume 2, Institute of economy of Academy of
Sciences of U zbekistan, 2007. -.: Institute of economy
of academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, 2007. - 214 -216
with
2. Shermukhamedov A.T. Central Asian region:
internati onal transportation and trade.//In Materials of
the international scientific -theoretical conference
«lawful state Construction in republic Kazakhstan:
problems, experience, prospects», a part 1, on May, 25
26th 2006 г. - Shymkent: the South Kazakhstan insti tute
of jurisprudence, the finance and the financial right,
2006. - 96 -97 with.
3. Shermukhamedov A. T. About creation frontier
economic zones of region Central Asian’s within the
framework of Eurasia //Proceeding of the 4th
International Joint Conference “Global Academic
Networking on Business Innovation, Economic
Growth, Human Resources and Information
Technology” July, 2006, Tashkent, Yangnam Logos,
Korea, -200 -201p .
4. Gulamov S.S., Shermukhamedov A.T.,
Almatova D.S. Integration processes in the Centra l-
Asian region. The collection of scientific articles of 8th
International Youth Scientific Conferenc e, April, 25 -
26th, 2018, volume 4. - Kursk: The South - Western
State university, Russia, 2018. - 396 -399 p.
5. Gulamov S. S., Shermukhamedov A. T. Fronti er
trade: problems and development tendencies. //In the
Materials of the international scientific -the oretical
conference « Export potential in the marketing
researches/ 24 November, 2017. //-Т.: TSEU. - 59 -60
p.
6. Statistical data of the State Committee o f the
Republic of Uzbekistan, 2018
7. Statistical data of the State Committee of
Republic of Turkmeni stan, 2018
8. Statistical data of the State Committee of
Republic of Tajikistan, 2018
9. Statistical data of the State Committee of
Republic of Kirghizia, 2018
10. Statistical data of the State Committee of
Republic of Kazakhstan, 2018