Американский Научный Журнал MAIN BASIC DIRECTIONS OF USE OF DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES IN AGRICULTURE IN THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN

Annotation. Now rapid growth of use of digital technologies on a global scale almost in all fields of activity of the person is observed. Is not an exception and agriculture, including in the Republic of Uzbekistan in which in last years in the field of development of digital technologies. In article the basic directions of use of digital technologies in the Republic of Uzbekistan agriculture are described. Скачать в формате PDF
American Scientific Journal № ( 31) / 2019 53

MAIN BASIC DIRECTION S OF USE OF DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES IN AGRI CULTURE IN THE
REPUBLIC OF UZBEKIST AN

Gulamo v S.S.
academician, Dr.Sc. (econ.), prof.
Chief of the chair of research institute o f statistics
Aupov R. H
Dr. Sc. (econ.), prof.
Tashkent financial institute.
Baltabaeva G.R., competitor.

Annotation. Now rapid growth of use of digital technologies on a global scale almost in all fields of activity
of the person is observed. Is not an e xception and agriculture, including in the Republic of Uzbekistan in which in
last years in the field of development o f digital technologies. In article the basic directions of use of digital
technologies in the Republic of Uzbekistan agriculture are descr ibed.
Key words: digital technologies, management, irrigation, fertilizers, resource -saving technologies, biology,
bio chemistry, agronomics.

Now rapid growth of use of digital technologies
on a global scale almost in all fields of activity of the
person is observed. Is not an exception and agriculture,
including in the Republic of Uzbekistan in wh ich in last
years in the field of development of digital technologies
are accepted a number of decisions and Decrees of the
President of the Republic of Uzbekis tan [1 -3]. The
problem of digital technologies and their introduction
in various fields of activ ity of the person are reflected
in the books [4, 6 -8] and articles [5, 9 -12].
In the Republic of Uzbekistan which is in basic
agricultural the country, the Con cept of introduction of
clever agricultural technologies (the portal of
regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the
concept of introduction of clever agriculture in the
Republic of Uzbekistan, May, 2019) now is widely
discussed. Main objective of this concept increase in
efficiency of agricultural crops, increase of efficiency
of in the agriculture and efficiency substantial growth
of number of animals in the agriculture is a question of
strategic safety of the state and the nation as a whole.
For achievement of these purposes, is planned to carry
out following problems:
- Management efficiency of Increase the
agriculture an economy about use of digital
technologies;
- Introduction resource -saving technologies
with use of modern agro technologies;
- Use of modern technologies irrigation and
fertilizers of farmland;
- Introduction of robots and the automated
systems in activity of farmers and farms for growth a
horned cattle;
- Attraction of highly skilled experts in
management of agriculture;
- Transit ion to digital technologies at an
information exchange between vario us subjects of
agriculture;
- Working out of bases and databanks for needs of
agriculture;
- Maintenance of grocery safety of republic by
wide use of digital technologies;
-Introduction o f modern foreign agricultural
technologies in various branches of ag riculture;
- Substantial growth of efficiency of logistical
services on the basis of introduction modern digital
innovative decisions etc.
Thereupon let's discuss, whether it is possible
actually the organization of clever agriculture? That as
that to answ er this important question, it is possible
results following real examples [4]: Engineers of
company DJI Ferntech from Oakland have thought up
to teach standard DJI Mavic 2 Enterprise to b ark
ckpoint/audio/ 2018685575/barking -drones -used -on -
farms -instead -of-sheep -dogs>. To teach is, in general,
it is loudly told. Actually they have only equipped with
its loudspeaker and have connected functio n of
reproduction of a sound. And - a drone -sheep -dog it is
ready! F armers have estimated this strange novelty of
digital technology and have accepted on use. This
pleasant history has instantly flown about the Internet
world - a situation very much to pro vide entertainment
it has turned out. Imagine to itself the followin g picture:
lovely cows peacefully burn a grass and here the dog
bark from heavens is suddenly distributed, and they
almost understanding nothing, instinctively run away -
and the happy far mer sit at home, drinks coffee and
drives the pilotless device, dire cting the herd to the
necessary party for it. By the way, it has appeared that
old cows who have usually got used to ignore the dog
bark, unmanned submit almost implicitly. And dogs
have q uickly learnt to work together with unmanned
(drone) drives herd on the one hand, and dogs - about
other, almost charming case. It is necessary to notice
that agriculture the technology - AgTech (Agronomic
technology) is by definition a certain complete
ecosystem in a chain of creation of cost of production
agribusiness. T his certain rapprochement or a joint of
biology, biochemistry, agronomics, a science about
plants and animal industries and in this case process of
digitalization is the present turning -po int creating a
strong basis for the future agriculture, representati ves
of company PwC
the -agtech -ecosystem.html> confirm. And ROI
(Return of Investment) in AgTech -projects it can
appear considerably above, than in traditional
investments into agriculture. It is necessary to notice

54 American Scientific Journal № ( 31) / 20 19
that only in 2017 financing in sphere of agro -
technologies at the expense of investments or
acquisition of such companies has increased almost by
32 % or in money terms to $2.6 bil lion, and more than
volume of half from 20 largest transactions in t his area
has exceeded $50 million (Forbes
6/27/the -25 -most - innovative -agtech -startups -in-
2018/>). The reasons of this position it is clea r and
without explanations - the quantity of people on mother
Earth continues to grow, and it is necessary to provide
all of them with a corresponding food. Under the
forecast of the Organization of the incorporated
nations, by 2025 population of the world can exceed 1
billion people, and to the middle of 21 centuries can
reach in general almost 9.6 billion people. Experts of
branch consider that thanks to digital transformation,
cumulative productivity of agricultural branch should
increase by 2030 almost on 60 % so deficiency of the
foodstuffs hardly probable threatens us . In connection
with these trends and innovations in sphere digital agro -
technologies in a portal of is standard -help documents
of Cabinet Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan for
gene ral consideration and discussion it is published the
project of the Concept of introduction «Clever
agriculture» in the conditions of agriculture of the
Republic of Uzbekistan. A main objective of this
concept - productivity increase agricultural cultures,
increase of efficiency of animal industries, protection
agricultura l cultures and grounds from wreckers and
various insects for elimination of influence of external
adverse factors on productivity of various cultures, and
also introduction of modern metho ds of conducting
agriculture and increase of culture of manufacture. The
special attention addresses on introduction of high
technologies and a digital method of managing in the
Republic of Uzbekistan agriculture. In given article
taking into account featu res of agriculture of the
Republic of Uzbekistan some reasons; opini ons and
offers of authors on this very important problem for the
country are resulted. From our point of view among
priorities of introduction of the concept of clever
agriculture it is po ssible to note following positions
(these offers can be useful not o nly to Uzbekistan, but
other adjacent Post -Soviet republics to maintenance of
digital transformation of agriculture):
- Use water - power - and material -saving
technologies which allow using effectively existing
water, material, power and mineral resources;
- Wide use of drop system of an irrigation and
the open and closed ground areas with application of
modern technologies of agriculture and corresponding
digital information -communication cont rol systems;
- Universal use of methods and ways of
cultivation of loc al and tropical cultures in the closed
premises, shelters and hothouses using the technologies
developed in the various developed countries;
- Introduction of methods of cultivation of
vario us local and tropical cultures with use of artificial
substrata, inc luding перлитов and аэронов ;
- Development of methods of cultivation of
cultures by modern methods aeroponics and
hydroponics in clever hothouses with digital
programmed control;
· Increase in quantity and quality of perspective
digital technologies of manag ement of agriculture by
internal and external investment of considerable means
in this vital sphere for republic for maintenance of
grocery safety;
Introduction various modern
ресурсосбере гающих technologies in agriculture,
including, use of exact sowing m echanisms, an
exception of loss of mineral fertilizers by exact
calculation of their expense on area under crops unit;
- Use of agricultural mechanisms and the
process equipment provided wit h the navigating GPS -
equipment for the purpose of the exact account of the
organization and conducting various agricultural
works;
- Introduction of means of a robotics for care of
agricultural machinery and the equipment, animals,
дойки milk and meat cuttin g;
- Use the drone for supervision over a condition
of agricultural grounds, the account of use of ground
resources and supervision o ver a condition of herd of
animals in fields;
- Preparation and attraction of modern experts
in the field of high technologies to work in various
directions of agriculture of republic;
- Introduction of the advanced innovative
technologies and the advanced f oreign experience in
various directions of agriculture of the Republic of
Uzbekistan;
- Transition to a digital method of inf ormation
interchange at first at level of the regional centers with
the further transition in the republic scale;
- Reduction of qu antity paper registration and
forms of account with the subsequent transition to
electronic data carriers and electronic offi ce-work;
- To Improve efficiency of interaction of workers
of agriculture, farmers and private manufacturers with
state bodies;
- Creation of a popular electronic databank on
methods of competent cultivation of various
agricultural crops in local condition s and to inform to
consciousness of each representative of agriculture
scientific bases of achievement of high efficienc y of
various agricultural crops;
- Creation of the mechanism of constant
monitoring and estimation of a condition of agricultural
crops and grounds for the purpose of maintenance of
the effective mechanism of management of them;
- Working out and introduct ion of methods, means
and the corresponding consulting companies for
consultation of workers of agriculture and farmers on
cultivation, processing, storage, marketing and sale of
a crop of agriculture;
- Creation of a digital platform for efficient
control , consultation and monitoring by agriculture at
republican and regional levels;
- Creation of popular and open bank of knowledge
after t he agricultural technician, culture of cultivation
of various cultures, technics and the technologies used
in agricultur e with the subsequent training to work with
this system of all workers and managers of agriculture.

American Scientific Journal № ( 31) / 2019 55

Thus means constant replenishment of this databank by
experts of agriculture like well -known system of
Wikileaks;
- To develop technologies of cultivation of the
agricultural crops, capable to adapt to climate changes,
environment on the basis of modern achievements of
digital technology an d to it to reach stability of
agricultural cultures to external to influences;
- To develop works on gene engineering fo r
deducing of new grades сельхоз cultures steady against
local to environmental conditions;
-To develop new methods, technologies, the
equipment and automatization of the device for long
storage and transportation on a long distance of
vegetables, fruit, c olors and greens;
- Formation of structure of the agriculture,
focused on the market, for export and on maintenance
of competitiveness o f agricultural production on a
global scale;
- To expand development and use of non -
polluting energy, сельхоз production and products of
poultry farming, a fish economy and animal industries;
- On a basis use of digital technologies to
increase efficiency of the allocated public funds, the
ground areas and expenses of material assets;
- On a planned basis to provide introdu ction of
technologies «Clever agriculture» on the basis of the
most advanced foreign analogues;
- On the basis of introduction of innova tive
decisions to increase efficiency of a logistical
infrastructure of agricultural manufacturers.
Conclusion. For succ essful introduction of the
given concept wide use of means and methods of digital
technologies in agriculture of the Republic of
Uzbekis tan is necessary. And also it is necessary will
provide effective planning of introduction of the above -
stated positions in time and in spatial scale. We offer
also use of technologies of artificial intelligence (AI),
big data for gathering, processing, tr ansfer and data
storage on agriculture of the Republic of Uzbekistan,
and also technologies virtual (VR) and the added r eality
(AR) for modeling and management of a condition and
development of agricultural crops in various
conditions. Introduction of the Internet of things
(internet of things - IoT) for maintenance of reception
of the operative information on a condition сельхоз
grounds in regional or republican scale for the purpose
of optimum control of agriculture is required also. All
information on ma nufacturers, suppliers and on the
state organizations is supposed to be placed in the
special integrated digital platfor m of «Clever
agriculture». That will provide an openness of this
platform of its function are integrated with the data of
the state, ban k, tax, insurance and financial
organizations. Introduction of digital technologies in
agriculture demands preparation a nd support of an
infrastructure corresponding to it. And it without the
corresponding organization of mobile communication
will be not p ossible or very difficult. For maintenance
of reliable sale of agricultural production it is necessary
to provide the ob servability of this production in places
of storage and in a way with use of signs, chips,
identifiers, digital technologies and systems . The set of
personal technological decisions in certain cases can be
necessary for certain categories of subjects of ma rket
relations. Also the organization online platforms and
systems for sale of production of agriculture is
required. Certainly, necessi ty and timeliness of
corresponding is standard -legal documents,
engineering specifications, standards and acts in this
area does not cause any doubts. Thus all these
documents should correspond strictly to the world
standards and high requirements to quali ty of delivered
production. Also with wide use of digital technologies
it is necessary to develop systems of remote soun ding
of flora, navigation of farmland and animal industries.
But at first digital systems and platforms are necessary
for establishing a nd testing within one territory or area
or the allocated settlement. After successful end of all
tests this control syst em of agriculture can be
duplicated in other territories of republic. At tests new
digital сельхоз it is necessary to pay attention of
technologies to following characteristics: production
efficiency increase, maintenance of control of
supervision, technol ogy of exact agriculture, control of
the vegetative period, observability, the characteristic
of a digital field, numbering of animals, presence of the
goods in storehouses, supply and demand size on the
given groups of the goods, forecasts on separate
pos itions of the goods and others. Considering that at
us in republic not so high degree of modern agricultural
literacy it is necessary to pay special attention on digital
remote formation on problems and new trends in
agriculture with attraction agro consul ting firms and the
organizations. It is not deprived sense and increase in
quantity of students at agro institutes and universities,
and also target improvement of professional skill of
teacher’s agro educational institutions on problems to
digital economy and digital technologies in agriculture.

The list of the used literature:
1. The Decree of the President of the Republic of
Uzbekista n «About strategy of actions on the further
development in the Republic of Uzbekistan”. 2.7.2017.,
№ УП -4947.
2. The Decision of President of Republic of
Uzbekistan from July, 3rd, 2017 of software -38 32
«About measures on development of digital economy
in the Republic of Uzbekistan».
3. The Cabinet Ministers of the Republic of
Uzbekistan Decision «About additional measures on
the further development and introduction of digital
economy in the Republic o f Uzbekistan from August,
31st, 2018.
4. Lapidus L.V. Di gital economy: management
of electronic business and electronic commerce. - TH.:
INFRA TH, 2018. -381 p.
5. Korodetsky A.V. Soil processing on a
personal plot: clever agro technologies, a Series
«Cleve r agro technologies». S. -Pb, Publishing house
"Peter", 2 012
6. Digital agro technologies of storage. The
microclimate for fruits - and vegetable storehouses.
Tourist's mountains AM, ЕRP. 2015

56 American Scientific Journal № ( 31) / 20 19
7. Modern agro technologies. Under D. U.
Katalevsky and A.J U.Iv anov's edition. –M.:,
Publishing house VSHE, 2018.
8. Ko valeva I.V., Digitalization of agriculture -
strategic element of management of branch. Barnaul,
Russia, 2017
9. Shcherbina Т.А. Gigital transformation of
agriculture of the Russian federation. 2018
10. Clever »agriculture: a condition and
prospects//the B udget -hectare. 2017. - № 11,
November. -
11. Advantages and risks digitalization in
agriculture,
i-selskogo -hozyajstva/70689564/>

РОЛЬ ОРГАНОВ МЕСТНОГ О САМОУПРАВЕНИ Я ПРИ ПРОВЕДЕНИИ ПРИ МИРИТЕЛЬНЫХ
ПРОЦЕДУР ДЛЯ УРЕГУЛИ РОВАНИЯ ПОТРЕБИТЕЬСК ИХ СПОРОВ

Гребенникова Анна Александ ровна
канд. истор. наук, доцент,
доцент кафедры государственного и муниципального управления
Поволжского института управления имени П.А. Столыпина –
филиала РАНХиГС г. Саратов
Масляков Владимир Владимирович
доктор мед. наук, профессор,
проректор по научной работе частного учреждения
образовательная организация высшего образования
«Саратовский медицинский университет «Реавиз» г. Саратов

ROLE OF LOCA L SELF -GOVERNMENT BO DIES IN CONCILIATION PROCEDURES FOR THE
SETTLEMENT OF CONSUM ER DISPUTES

Grebenniko va Anna Aleksandrovna
the candidate of historical sciences, the associate professor,
the associate professor of the public and municipal administration
of the Volga region institute of management of P.A. Stolypin –
branch of the Russian academy of national economy and public service Saratov
Masljakov Vladimir Vladimirovich
Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor,
Vice -Rector of Scientific Work of Private Ins titution Educational Organization
of Higher Education "Saratov Medical University "Reaviz" Saratov

Аннотация. В статье рассмотрены вопросы значения роли местного самоуправления в процедуре
урегулирования потребительских споров. Подчеркивается, что специфи ка отношений, в том числе
достаточно жесткие и императивные требования Закона о защите прав потребителей, предопределят
модель процедуры медиации, которая, скорее, будет носить оценочный характер при активной роли
медиатора. Но даже при таком условии приме нение медиации позволит разрешать споры с участием
потребителей на ранних стадия х, до обращения в суд, что естественным образом обеспечит не только
снижение судебной нагрузки, но и стабильность отношений между потребителями и продавцами
(производителями), повышение взаимной уверенности и доверия.
Summary. The article discusses the imp ortance of the role of local self -government in the procedure for the
settlement of consumer disputes. It is stressed that the specifics of relations, including sufficiently st rict and
mandatory requirements of the Law on Consumer Rights Protection, will p redeterminate the model of mediation
procedure, which, rather, will be of an evaluation nature with an active role of mediator. But even under such a
condition the application of mediation will allow to resolve disputes with the participation of consumers at early
stages, before the appeal to the court, which will naturally ensure not only reduction of judicial burden, but also
stability of relations between consumers and seller s (producers), increase mutual confidence and trust.
Ключевые слова: органы мест ного самоуправления, урегулирование потребительских споров,
примирительные процедуры
Keywords: Local governments, consumer dispute resolution, conciliation

Согласно Конституц ии РФ органы местного
самоуправления выделены из системы о рганов
государственной власти и самостоятельны в
пределах своих полномочий [1, ст. 12]. Органы
местного самоуправления обладают своими
собственными полномочиями, в том числе, и в
сфере защиты прав п отребителей на территории
соответствующего муниципального образования
(городского и сельского поселения,
муниципального района, городского округа,
городского округа с внутригородским делением,
внутригородских районов и внутригородских
территориях городов ф едерального значения).
Органы местного самоуправления
терр иториально более приближены к жителям,
поэтому взаимодействие потребителей с ними