Американский Научный Журнал FEATURES OF PSYCHOLOGICAL COUNSELING (29-32)

This article presents the view of practitioners in the applied field of psychology - counseling. It is no secret that when working with a client, the psychologist has a certain special view of the interaction that is happening. Modern science already has confirmation of certain phenomena from practice, however, there are gaps in psychology. Both direct and indirect facts indicate that there is an emotional connection between the participants in the consultative process, but the data available in the literature differ, which leads to various terminological difficulties. Recently, there is increasing mention of emotional energy, which, using the physical laws of working with energy, can contribute to the emergence of a new view of the nature of counseling. Скачать в формате PDF
American Scientific Journal № ( 40 ) / 2020 29

сравнительного анализа в разные периоды времени.
Анализ психологического состояния общества в
рамках макропсихологического подхода и на
основе поляризационной модели позволяет дать
оценку как негатив ным, так и позитивным
тенденциям развития общества. Он также
позволяет прослеживать динамику во времени и
определять перспективы с учетом субъективных
оц енок респондентов, участвующих в
исследовании.

Литература
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(In Russ) ]
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[Lebedev A.N. Indikat ory i prediktory
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3. Лебедев А.Н., Гордякова О.В.
Международный инде кс счастья и
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// Прикладная юридическая психология. 2018 . №2 .
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Mezhdunarodnyj indeks schast 'ja i psihologicheskoe
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с.82 -86. [Sapronov A.V., Krickaja O.A. Osobennosti
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UDC 159.99

FEATURES OF PSYCHOLOGICAL COUNSELING

Skripacheva Elena
Ph. D. in Psychological Sciences.
Moscow University of Finance an d Law .
Moscow, Russia.
Rivera Pierangelo
Universidad Nacional Abierta y a Distancia (Bachelor).
Zurich, S witz erland.
Hovakimyan Elina
Russian State University for the Humanities (Bachelor)
Moscow, Russia.
Abstract . This article presents the view of practitioners in the applied field of psychology - counseling. It is
no s ecret that when working with a client, the psychologist has a certain special view of the interaction t hat is
happening. Modern science already has c onfirmation of certain phenomena from practice, however, there are gaps
in psychology. Both direct and indi rect facts indicate that there is an emotional connection between the participants
in the consultative process, but the data available in the literat ure differ, which leads to various terminological
difficulties. Recently, there is increasing mention of em otional energy, which, using the physical laws of working
with energy, can contribute to the emergence of a new view of the nature of counseling.
Key words : Psychological Counseling, Projection, Empathy, Psycho -emotional Energy, Practical
Psychology.

1. Intr oduction.
Psychological services, in particular
psychological counseling, have recently been gaining
momentum in Russia and in the world. Unfortunately,
there is no clear statistics on the growth of
psychological services, however, in reality this
situati on can be assessed by appeals or narrow issues
with which psychologists work in Russia [1], America
[2] and other countries, where it is cl ear that there are
changes upward. In addition, the judgmental factor
about the interest in psychological services is the fact
that the number of graduates in the Psychologist
profile, who are employed in the specialty, is increasing
every year. Such inter est in psychology among the
population due to changes in the level and speed of life,
the “fresh” of young profession als on classical science

30 American Scientific Journal № ( 40 ) / 2020
contributed to the emergence of various trends and
trends in modern psychologi cal practice, which today
is represe nted not only by classical direction such as
Gestalt -therapy, psychoanalysis and others, but also
new integrated with different sciences, for example,
quantum psychology. [3]. The purpose of this study is
to develop a ne w method of psychological counseling .
2. The phenomenon of psycho -emotional
energy in the work of a psychologist
Practical psychology has ample opportuniti es and
opens up previously unknown aspects of psychological
counseling, which raises questions from pra ctical
psychologists who are trying to explain the
phenomenon of cooperation between a consultant and
a client. So, when working with clients, psychologi sts
[4] are faced with such an effect as the energy of
emotions, which manifests itself in the form of muscle
clamps, if the emotion is clamped or mental and
somatic aberration and even personality deformation
[5]. For accuracy of interpretation – further. we use the
author's definition Skripacheva E. N. – psycho -
emotional energy. It is exceptionally intere sting that
when working with a client, a psychologist is able to
"feel" this psycho -emotional energy "on himsel f",
including physical sensations through muscle clamps,
"lumps", etc. In this author's method, it is recommended
to "join" the client by "immers ing" the client in
memories of an event or a specific person. At the same
time, both the client and the psychol ogist close their
eyes so that external fa ctors do not interfere, and thus it
is possible to present the images more clearly. This
session is hel d for 10 -20 minutes. The client takes the
role of a specific person, the psychologist takes the role
of the cli ent in the situation that is being analyze d.
When playing these roles between the client and the
psychologist, there is a connection due to psych o-
emotional energy. This contributes to the fact that both
the client and the therapist accurately convey the w ords,
gestures, and emotions of the "roles " they play.
This phenomenon has not been studied at the
present time and thus gives rise to a lot of s peculation
and theories. On the one hand, these are already known
phenomena, operations, and reactions in the f orm of
transfer and countertransference. As you know, many
experts associate transfer / countertransfer with
psychoanalytic therapy, which enable d the followers of
S. Freud to spread these concepts through their theories.
For example, Gestalt therapy [6]. Consider several
definitions in the classi cal theory of transference and
counter -transference:
Counter -transference is a special case of
projecti on to describe an unconscious emotional
response of a specialist for the analysis of a therapy.
The transfer corresponds to countertransference on the
part of the analyst, when the latter projects a particular
cont ent that he does not realize, but which no netheless
exists in him [7].
Countertransference is the projection of the
complexes of the analyst on the patient [8].
The transfer is in the broad sen se a universal
phenomenon observable in relations between peo ple
and consisting in transferring feeling s and attachments
to each other; in a narrow sense, a process characterized
by the displacement of unconscious ideas, desires,
drives, stereotypes of thi nking and behavior from one
person to another and the establi shment of such
relationships when the expe rience of the past becomes
a model of interaction in the present [9].
In Gestalt therapy, transfer -countertransference is
the opposite process of the th erapist's projections on the
client [10].
Thus, if we talk ab out transference and
countertransference, then it is necessary to consider the
projection itself, of which they are apart. Projection is
known as a mechanism of psychological defense,
which in ps ychoanalysis is interpreted as the operation
of isolating and localizing in another person those
qualit ies, feelings, desires, i.e. those “objects” that the
subject does not recognize or reject in himself [11]. In
gestalt therapy projection is seen as a vi olation of
boundaries since the trait, position, attitude, fe eling or
fragment of behavior that actuall y belongs to the person
is attributed to objects or people around and then
experienced as directed by them, and not vice versa
[12]. Of course, the impor tance of projections is
important for a practicing psychologi st, as it is also
referred to in practical work as a method of diagnosis .
So, with the help of the “correct” use of
projections the psychologist can see the “real” problem
of the client, and duri ng the consultation, the
psychologist can use projective tech niques, etc.
However, when talking about p rojections we are
talking more about thoughts - memories, thoughts -
knowledge, automatic thoughts and etc., not about
psycho -emotional energy, which is "read" by a
consultant. Example: A client can describe his st ory in
a certain way: “For me on the last holiday, the New
Year was fun, and my family was even more fun
because of this.” However, in describing this
experience, the client talks about his memor ies.
Externally, he may smile slightly (an unconscious
extern al reaction), but understanding the "real" feeling
of the situation could not occur either with him or with
the counselor. However, the psychologist can focus his
attention on the embodied reacti on - the smile and
itemize with the client what made him smile. This
forms a certain "workspace". Due t o the lack of a single
conceptual construct, some scientists interpret this
space as a “phenomenological field”. This" field " is
therefore the largest a nd most limitless system and
arises from the feelings and experiences of the patient.
[13]. However, th is interaction system does not
describe the psycho -emotional energy itself betwee n
the psychologist and the client.
On the other hand, in practice it ca n be observed
that the psychologist can also show emotions similar to
the client, for example, cry with happiness, “reflect”
positive feelings. This technique of “reflecting” can be
me t with empathy, which a psychologist possesses, as
one of the main quali ties of a professional. The question
is, does the psychologist consciously cry with
happiness with the client? Or this emotional reaction is
uncontrollable and the psychologist, withou t
projections, “feels” the client’s experiences on himself.
In a psychol ogical dictionary, empathy is defined as
comprehension of an emotional state, insight, feeling

American Scientific Journal № ( 40 ) / 2020 31

into ano ther person’s experiences. The ability of an
individual to parallel experience th ose emotions that
arise in another individual in the course of
communica tion with him. Understanding another
person through emotional feelings in his experiences.
The term was introduced into psychology by E.
Titchener. They differ: 1) emotional empathy - based
on the mechanisms of projection and imitation of the
motorial and affective reactions of another; 2) cognitive
empathy -based on intellectual processes - comparison,
anal ogy, etc.; 3) predicative empathy - manifested as
the ability to predict the affe ctive response of another
in specific situations [14].
In his work, E. T itchener talks about the ability of
one individual, which allows you to "acquire a taste" of
the experi ences of another "on yourself", but in
practice, this ability is observed in seve ral members of
the group at the same time, for example, during the
train ing. Therefore, the empathy of an individual is an
incomplete term for a given effect of psycho -emotion al
energy.
An analysis of scientific literature revealed that the
most similar de scription of psycho -emotional energy is
found in Moreno's Psychodrama. He believed that this
method creates a psychotherapeutic effect not only
among the audience but also in the creator of the role -
an actor who, presenting the drama, at the same time
[15]. However, Moreno believed that this experience
was cathartic. Cathars is is a process of acute or lasting
negative experience, turning at its highest point into a
positive e xperience. The boiling of experiences, turning
dark, difficult, and sick experien ces into experiences
that are pure, bright, and noble [16]. In practice, one can
observe not only negative emotions but also bright
positive feelings. Especially during traini ng,
consultants are faced with the phenomenon of “group
mirroring”, which allows us to talk about the
emergence of psycho -emotional energy among
particip ants. For example, theta -healing groups [17],
where there is deep relaxation, in which there is no flow
of thoughts - memories, etc. However, with the work of
psycho -emotional energy, one can observe the
manifestation between the participants like Guide an d
Receiver. That is, one participant - recreates the
situation and participants in the situation from m emory,
the second participant - “turning off” his memory -
receives a psycho -emot ional message and thereby
“reflecting” the actions, words, emotions of t he
participants in the situation, fixing the bodily clamps
and blocks that occur.
3. Conclusion.
Thus, it can be assumed that psycho -emotional
energy may arise between participants in any
interaction, which allows you to “thin” feel another
person. For examp le:
1. The relationship between mother and infant,
when the latter is not yet able to speak. If the mot her is
crying, the child may be sick, capricious, and other
bod ily reactions.
2. Communication lovers who are apart.
3. Sometimes some people may notice how the
mood “suddenly” changed, etc.
Thus, psychological counseling allows a
specialist, who is more p repared and has received the
necessary education, to “turn off” the mind with
projections, etc., to activate his body to “receive” the
psycho -emotional e nergy of the client.
The study of this phenomenon is necessary for a
theoretical aspect since practica l results to date are
already available insufficient scale. Currently, research
is being conducted to confirm this theory, identify the
conditions for th e emergence and manifestation of this
energy. Research is carried out using various devices
(measuring different brain activity).

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