Американский Научный Журнал THE SELF-GOVERNING REGION OF TRENCIN IN THE DIMENSIONS OF SOCIAL CARE AND SOCIAL HELP (47-52)

In this paper, we focus on the self-governing region of Trencin. On the basis of statistical data, we offer an overview of social policy and social security. We focus also on social care, social support in dimensions of Trencin region. As for social services, we deal with compensations for persons with disabilities. Скачать в формате PDF
American Scientific Journal № ( 41) / 2020 47

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THE SELF -GOVERNING REGION OF TRENCIN IN THE DIMENSIONS
OF SOCIAL CARE AND SOC IAL HELP

Bočáková Oľga
associate professor
University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius in Trnava
Faculty of Social Sciences
Slovak republic
Adamkovičová Beáta
assistant professor
University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius in Trnava
Faculty of Social Sciences
Slo vak republic

Abstract . In this paper, we focus on the self -governing region of Trencin. On the basis of statistical data, we
offer an overview of social policy and so cial security. We focus also on social care, social support in dimensions
of Trencin reg ion. As for social services, we deal with compensations for persons with disabilities.
Keywords: Self -governing region. Social care. Social policy. Social security. S ocial help. Social services.
Statistics.

Higher territorial unit, self -governing regi on, is a
basic unit of regional self -administration. As stated by
Peková et. al. (2002), the main objective of regional
self -administration, is a care for the needs of citizens of
given region or territory. In this paper, we focus on the
self -governing reg ion of Trencin in the dimensions of
social care for citizens and social help 4.
The self -governing region of Trencin is located in
the northwestern part of Slovakia a nd its area is 4,501
km 2. The self -governing region of Trencin has the
population of mor e than 587,364 citizens.
Districts of the self -governing region of Trencin
are shown on the Map 1.

48 American Scientific Journal № ( 41) / 2020
Map 1. Districts of the self -governing region of Trencin

Source: The self -governing region of Trencin 6

The self -governing region of Trenci n consi sts of 9
districts. In following table, we are focusing on
demographic indicators about the population of the
self -governing region of Trencin.
Based on obtained data from Statistical Office of
SR from 2018, we introduce the demography of the
popul ation i n the self -governing region of Trencin.
Table 1.
Demographic profile of the population in the self -go verning region of Trencin
YEAR 2018
Population of SGRT 587 364
Share of SGRT population on total population of SR 10,79 %
Average age of SGRT popula tion 40,22
Population 0 -14 years old 79 961
Population 15 -64 years old 407 024
Population 65 years old and more 100 379
Ageing index 125,53
Source: Statistical office of SR, 2018 

Chart 1. Ageing index in the self -governing reg ion of Trencin in individual districts

Source: Statistical office of SR, 2018 6

0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160
BÁNOVCE NAD BEBRAVOU
ILAVA
PÚCHOV
POVAŽSKÁ BYSTRICA
PRIEVIDZA
PARTIZÁNSKE
TRENČÍN
NOVÉ MESTO NAD VÁHOM
MYJAVA
114,35
116,84
111,67
107,49
134,13
142,09
123,78
131,49
156,64

American Scientific Journal № ( 41) / 2020 49

From the chart, we can deduce that the highest
ageing index is in Myjava district, and the lowest is in
Povazska Bystrica district.
Bočáková (2015) states that a work be longs to the
main attributes of an individual. A work represents
irreplaceable place i n human´s life. It is a basic
condition for dignified existence. Besides the material
benefits, a work provides also a feeling of self -
realization and social usefulness, and it helps create
social connections and relationships 1. Magurová
(2007) state fo llowing contributions of work and work -
life:
- Provides an opportunity to ensure financial
security
- It is a source for securing the living
- Enables social contact with othe r people
- Prov ides an opportunity for social position
and personal prestige
- Enables to assert oneself and present own
ideas and thoughts 2
Nowadays, unemployment belongs to main social
problems. Unemployment is accompanied by the
decrease of life quality, social exclu sion, decrease of
self -confidence and in some cases also social -
pathologi cal events.
Social insurance is a basis of social security. As
stated by Bočáková (2015) it is characterized according
to risks, for which insurance covering are determi ned,
and according to population insurance groups 1.
Regarding the right for benefit s, this is co nnected with
paying the contributions. Social insurance, as written
by Repková (2012), represents financial security of an
individual and family members in t he period of
appearance of life situations 5. These can be
predicted, and against wh ich the given person is
insured.
In the area of social care for the population, the
first place is taken by social support for families, which
got into unpleasant social situation.
In following chart and table, we focus on
providing the social support to families wit h children in
the self -governing region of Trencin.

Chart 2. Social support to families with children

Source: Office of labor, social affairs, and f amily, 2020 3

In December 2019, in Slovak Republic, there was
provided 651,157 child benefit pa yments, 1,608 child
benefit bonuses, and the parental benefit was drawn by
139,020 parents. In the same period, in the self -
governing region of Trencin, the child benefit was
provided in 67,130 cases, child benefit bonus in 156
cases, and the parental bene fit was drawn by 12,734
parents.
In individual districts of the self -governing region
of Trencin, the data are following.
Table 2.
Providing of social supp ort to families wi th children in the self -governing region of Trencin in 2019
DISTRICT CHILD
BENEFI T
CHILD
BENEFIT
BONUS
CHILD BENEFIT –
NUMBER OF CHILDREN
PARENTAL
BENEFIT
Bánovce nad
Bebravou 4 272 9 6 909 784
Ilava 6 770 17 10 826 1 259
Myjava 2 829 6 4 341 538
Nové Mesto nad
Váhom 7 368 10 11 757 1 414
Partizánske 4 928 12 7 810 967
Považská
Bystrica 7 448 9 12 065 1 472
Prievidza 14 527 60 22 585 2 762
Púchov 5 431 9 8 863 1 046
Trenčín 13 557 24 21 989 2 492
Source: Office of labor, social affairs, and family, 2020 3

0 200 000 400 000 600 000 800 000 1 000 000 1 200 000
SR
TSK
651 157
67 130
1 608
156
1 087 799
107 145
139 020
12 734
RODIČOVSKÝ PRÍSPEVOK PRÍDAVOK NA DIEŤA - POČET DETÍ
PRÍPLATOK K PRÍDAVKU NA DIEŤA PRÍDAVOK NA DIEŤA
Parental benefits
Child benefits – number of children Child benefits Child benefits bonus

50 American Scientific Journal № ( 41) / 2020
Below, you can also see the overview of provided
benefits on childcare, benefits by birth, etc.

Chart 3. Benefits provided regarding the childcare

Source: Office of labor, social affairs, and family, 2020 3

In December 2019, in Slovak Republic, there was
provided 4,639 benefits by birth, from which i n the self -
governing region of Trencin it was 491 benefits.
Based on data from the Office of labor, social
affairs, and family, 2020, we have processed benefits
provided for a childcare according to individual
districts of the self -governing region of Tre ncin.
Table 3.
Benefits provided for a childcare in individual districts of the self -governing region of Trencin
DISTRICT BENEFIT BY
BIRTH
BENEFIT FOR
SEVERAL
SIMULTANEOUSLY
BORN CHILDREN
CHILDCARE
BENEFIT
Bánovce nad Bebravou 19 1 3
Ilava 58 0 25
My java 14 0 2
Nové Mesto nad Váhom 53 0 13
Partizánske 39 0 6
Považská Bystrica 59 0 18
Prievidza 106 0 27
Púchov 38 0 18
Trenčín 105 1 46
Source: Office of labor, social affairs, and family, 2020 3

The most benefits by birth in December 2019 was
provided in the district of Prievidza and Trencin. The
task of the state and the self -governing region is also to
deal with social care of a person/persons with
disabilities. In this regard, an important role plays the
Act 448/2008 Coll. on social services, and the Act
447/2008 Coll. on financial contributions for the
compensation of serious disabilities.

Table 4.
Provided selected compensations for persons with serious disabilities in the self -governing reg ion of
Trencin in December 2019
DISTRICT PERSONAL
ASSISTANCE TRANSPORTATION
OPERATION OF
PASSENGER
VEHICLE
Bán ovce nad
Bebravou 46 15 335
Ilava 54 2 303
Myjava 20 3 162
Nové Mesto nad
Váhom 64 1 533
Partizánske 67 13 377
Považská Bystrica 73 5 468
Prievidza 133 19 1 037
Púchov 36 6 326
Trenčín 150 24 551
Source: Office of labor, social affairs, and fam ily, 2020 3
0 1 000 2 000 3 000 4 000 5 000
PRÍSPEVOK PRI NARODENÍ DIEŤAŤA
PRÍSPEVOK NA VIAC SÚČASNE …
PRÍSPEVOK NA STAROSTLIVOSŤ O DIEŤA
4 639
4
2 873
491
2
158
TSK SR
Childca re benefit
Benefit for several simultaneously born children
Benefit by birth

American Scientific Journal № ( 41) / 2020 51


Relatively frequent compensation of serious
disability is providing the benefit on the operation of
passenger vehicle.

Chart 4.
Provided selected compensations for persons with serious disabilities in the self -governing region of
Trencin i n D ecember 2019
Source: Office of labor, social affairs, and family, 2020

Chart 5.
Provided selected compensations for persons with serious disabilities in December 2019

Source: Office of labor, social affairs, and family, 2020 3

Table 5.
Provided selected compensations for persons with serious disabilities in the self -governing region on
Trencin in December 2019
DISTRICT
ON CONSTRUCTION
MODIFICATIONS OF
AN APARTMENT
(FLAT)
ON CONSTRUCTION
MODIFICATIONS OF
A FAMILY HOUSE
ON PURCHASING A
PA SSENGER
VEHICLE
Bánovce
nad Bebravou 0 0 1
Ilava 0 0 1
Myjava 0 0 0
Nové Mesto
nad Váhom 2 0 3
Partizánske 0 0 0
Považská Bystrica 0 0 3
Prievidza 0 0 2
Púchov 0 0 1
0 10 000 20 000 30 000 40 000 50 000 60 000 70 000 80 000 90 000
NA DIÉTNE STRAVOVANIE
NA HYGIENU ALEBO OŠATENIE
NA OPATROVANIE
49 967
83 292
59 424
5 898
7 938
4 623
TSK SR
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140
NA ÚPRAVU BYTU
NA ÚPRAVU RODINNÉHO DOMU
NA KÚPU OSOBNÉHO MOTOROVÉHO
VOZIDLA
37
54
121
2
0
13
TSK SR
On caring
On hygiene of clothing
On dietary boarding
On purchasing a passenger vehicle
On construcion modifications of a family house
On constrcutio n modifications of an apartment (flat)

52 American Scientific Journal № ( 41) / 2020
Trenčín 0 0 2
Source: Office of labor, social affairs, and family, 2020 3

In the area of social care, social help is provided
to people in unpleasant social situation in the form of a
benefit in m aterial need.
Material need is a state, when the income of
household members does not reach the sum of life
minimum, and household me mbers are not able or
cannot ensure or increase the income. A life minimum
is 214,83 Euro per normal person.
Table 6.
Nu mber of receivers of benefits in material need in the self -governing region of Trencin
DISTRICT
NUMBER OF RECEIVERS
OF BENEFITS IN
MATERIAL NEED
SHARE OF PERSONS IN
MATERIAL NEED ON THE
POPULATION IN %
Partizánske 534 1,17
Bánovce nad Bebravou 290 0,80
Považská Bystrica 380 0,61
Prievidza 811 0,60
Myjava 130 0,49
Ilava 283 0,48
Nové Mesto nad Váhom 231 0,37
Púchov 160 0,36
Trenčín 380 0,33
Source: Office of labor, social affairs, and family, 2020 3

The most registered persons receiving the be nefit
in material need in the self -governing region of Trencin
is in Prievidza district.
Social services are usually understood as services
of various social subjects aimed at social needs of
people, who would g et into the state of social need
without the se services, or at least in the risk zone for
falling into this state 5.
Social services are one of forms of social help for
people in unpleasant social situation. A problem of the
self -governing region of Trencin is (un)availability of
social services. People criticize long waiting period for
placing into the facilities of social services. Nowadays,
a big focus is put on the quality, financing, and
availability of social services.
Current trend in social s ervices is their
deinstitutionalizing and a tran sfer to community social
care.
Regarding the objectives and priorities of
development of social services in the self -governing
region of Trencin, we introduce following factors:
Ensuring the availability of social services in
accordance with the communit y needs
o support of persons with disabilities
o support of families with children
o support of persons in unpleasant life situation
o support of remaining the persons in home
environment
Support of the transfer of social services receivers
from institutional car e to community care
o building of independent family houses
o support of independent living
o activization for independency of persons with
disabilities
Increasing the quality of provided social services
o area of personal conditions
o area of material conditions
We have tried to map the situation in the area of
social care and social help in the self -governing region
of Trencin. In this region, institutio nal care
predominates over home care. Home care is less costly
for the state, and it is an advantage for a client / patient,
since he/she stays in a home environment. A
particularly important place in the system of social
services belongs to day -caring.
We can state that social care and social help is on
the level of all -Slovakia average.

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